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Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index
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Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «T»:

  1. Trypanosoma cruzi Trypanosoma cruzi
    Trypanosoma cruzi: The parasitic microorganism that causes Chagas disease. See: Chagas disease....
  2. Trypanosomiasis, African Trypanosomiasis, African
    Trypanosomiasis, African: See: African sleeping sickness....
  3. Trypanosomiasis, American Trypanosomiasis, American
    Trypanosomiasis, American: See: Chagas disease....
  4. Tryptophan Tryptophan
    Tryptophan: An amino acid, one of the 20 building blocks of protein. A dietary essential amino acid, tryptophan is necessary for optimal growth of children. Bacteria in the intestine break tryptophan down to compounds that largely are responsible for the unpleasant odor of feces. Symbol: Trp....
  5. TSC1 TSC1
    TSC1: The tuberous sclerosis 1 gene. The product of the TSC1 gene is a protein called hamartin. This protein interacts with tuberin, the product of the TSC2 gene. These two proteins form a complex and play a role in cell growth and division. TSC1 functions as a tumor suppressor gene. Mutation in the...
  6. TSC2 TSC2
    TSC2: The tuberous sclerosis 2 gene. The product of the TSC2 gene is a protein called tuberin. This protein interacts with hamartin, the product of the TSC1 gene. These two proteins form a complex and play a role in cell growth and division. The complex of these two proteins also controls how materi...
  7. TSD TSD
    TSD: Abbreviation for Tay-Sachs disease, a genetic metabolic disorder. See: Tay-Sachs disease....
  8. TSE TSE
    TSE: Abbreviation for Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy....
  9. TSH TSH
    TSH: Stands for thyroid stimulating hormone, a hormone produced by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain in response to signals from the hypothalamus gland in the brain. TSH promotes the growth of the thyroid gland in the neck and stimulates it to produce more thyroid hormones. When there is ...
  10. TSH receptor TSH receptor
    TSH receptor: The receptor for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), which is also called thyrotropin. Encoded by a gene on chromosome 14q, TSHR is largest of all known glycoprotein hormone receptors. It is one of the primary antigens in autoimmune thyroid disease. Autoantibodies to TSHR act as TSH ago...
  11. TSI TSI
    TSI: Stands for Thyroid Stimulating Immunoglobulin. The TSI level is abnormally high in persons with hyperthyroidism (too much thyroid hormone) due to Graves' disease. Thyroid hormones are essential for the function of every cell in the body. They help regulate growth and the rate of chemical reacti...
  12. Tsutsugamushi disease Tsutsugamushi disease
    Tsutsugamushi disease: A mite-borne infectious disease caused by a microorganism, Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, characteristically with fever, headache, a raised (macular) rash, swollen glands (lymphadenopathy) and a dark crusted ulcer (called an eschar or tache noire) at the site of the chigger (mi...
  13. TTP (thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura) TTP (thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura)
    TTP (thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura): A life-threatening disease involving embolism and thrombosis (plugging) of the small blood vessels in the brain. TTP is characterized by platelet microthrombi (tiny traveling clots composed of platelets, the clotting cells in the blood), thrombocytopenia (l...
  14. TTR TTR
    TTR: The gene that encodes transthyretin, a plasma protein consisting of 127 amino acids that binds retinol and thyroxine. Many distinct forms of amyloidosis have been related to different point mutations in TTR....
  15. Tubal occlusion procedure, selective (STOP) Tubal occlusion procedure, selective (STOP)
    Tubal occlusion procedure, selective (STOP): A nonsurgical form of permanent birth control in which a physician inserts a 4-centimeter (1.6 inch) long metal coil into each one of a woman's two fallopian tubes via a scope passed through the cervix into the uterus and thence into the openings of the f...