Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «T»:
Temperature: The temperature is the specific degree
of hotness or coldness of the body. It is usually measured with a thermometer....
Temple: An area just behind and to the side of the
forehead and the eye, above the side of the check bone (the zygomatic
arch) and in front of the ear.
In optometry, the temple is the side bar of a pair of glasses
which passes on the side of the head to help hold the glasses in
The word ...
Temporal: 1. Pertaining to time, limited in time, temporary, or transient.
2. Pertaining to the temple region of the head. The temporal lobe of the brain is located beneath the temple.
From the Latin tempus which means both time and the temple of the head. ...
Temporal arteritis: Also called giant cell
arteritis or cranial arteritis, this is a serious disease characterized by inflammation of
the walls of the blood vessels (vasculitis). The vessels affected by inflammation are the
arteries (hence the name "arteritis"). The age of affected patient...
Temporal bone: A large irregular bone situated at the base and side of the skull. The temporal bone is connected with the mandible (the jaw bone) via the temporomandibular (TM) joint.
The temporal bone is formed of three parts (squamous, tympanic and petrous) that are distinct at birth but then fus...
Temporal lobe: The lobe of the cerebral hemisphere located down on the side just forward of the occipital lobe. The temporal lobe contains the auditory cortex which is responsible for hearing. It is also the site of the seizure activity characteristic of temporal-lobe epilepsy....
Temporal lobe epilepsy
Temporal lobe epilepsy: See: Epilepsy, temporal-lobe....
Temporary loss of consciousness
Temporary loss of consciousness: A partial or complete loss of
consciousness with interruption of awareness of oneself and ones
surroundings. When the loss of consciousness is
temporary and there is spontaneous recovery, it is referred to as
syncope or, in nonmedical quarters, fainting. Syncope ...
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ): The joint that
hinges the lower jaw (mandible) to the temporal bone of the skull. It
is one of the most frequently used joints in the entire body, moving
whenever a person eats, drinks, or talks....
Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
Temporomandibular joint disorder
(TMJ): A disorder of the temporomandibular joint(s) that causes pain,
usually in front of the ear(s), sometimes in the form of a headache.
Pain in the TMJ can be due to trauma, such as a blow to the face;
inflammatory or degenerative arthritis, or poor dental ...
Ten-day measles: An acute highly
contagious viral disease with fever, runny nose, cough,
red eyes, and a spreading skin rash, the measles (also
known as rubeola) is a potentially disastrous disease. It
can be complicated by ear infections, pneumonia,
encephalitis (that can cause convulsions, ...
Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon (the tissue by which muscle attaches to bone). Tendinitis most commonly occurs as a result of injury, such as to the tendons around the shoulder or elbow. It can also occur as a result of an underlying inflammatory rheumatic disease, such as reactive arthritis or...
Tendo Achilles: See: Achilles tendon....
Tendo calcaneus: See: Achilles tendon....
Tendon: The tissue by which a muscle attaches to bone. A tendon is somewhat flexible, but fibrous and tough. When a tendon becomes inflamed, the condition is referred to as tendinitis or tendonitis.
Inflamed tendons are at risk for rupture.
Tendons are like ligaments in being tough, flexible cords....