Drugs Information Online
Drugs and diseases reference index

Drugs and diseases reference index

Definition of «Artemisinin»


Artemisinin: An antimalarial agent extracted from the dry leaves of the Chinese herb Artemsisia annua (qinghaosu or sweet wormwood). This plant is grown each year starting from seed and only yields artemesinin under specific agricultural and climatological conditions. Wormwood is cultivated only in China, Vietnam and pilot projects in Tanzania and India. It takes eight months to mature.

Artemisinin acts rapidly and potently against the malarial parasite, including some drug-resistant strains. Without significant side effects, it quickly reduces fever and lowers the blood levels of the parasite. This help to keep small outbreaks of malaria from becoming epidemics and to quell ongoing epidemics. In a malaria epidemic in the early 1990's in Vietnam, artemisinin reduced the death rate by 97%.

To decrease the risk of resistance, artemisinin is taken as part of a "cocktail." The cocktail of artemisinin and lumefantrine (Benflumetol) is marketed as Coartem and Riamet. Artemisinin was first isolated in 1965 by Chinese military researchers. Pronounced ar-te-mis'-in-in with the accent on the mis.

For More Information «Artemisinin»

  • Artemisinin defeats malaria and other parasites

    Artemisinin defeats malaria and other parasites. Artemisinin is a herbal treatment for parasitic infections and malaria that also protects against particular types of cancer

  • Artemisinin: Malaria to Cancer Treatment (Dec. 2002)

    Artemisinin: From Malaria to Cancer Treatment by Robert Jay Rowen, MD Editor-in-Chief, Second Opinion: Order this issue! Artemisinin, the key ingredient obtained ...

  • Artemisinin

    Artemisinin and Cancer. Extract of Chinese Herb Fights Cancer This Malaria Drug Also Kills Cancer Cells . By Robert Jay Rowen M.D. Related article: Artemisinin ...

  • Bone Cancer Dogs

    Artemisinin SUMMARY. Artemisinin is an herb that helps kill cancer cells in the body. It may be used in conjunction with chemotherapy. It may be used before radiation ...

  • Malaria Site: Artemisinin

    Welcome to malariasite.com, Dr. B. S. Kakkilaya's Malaria Web site. It is a comprehensive website on the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and complications of ...

Comment «Artemisinin»