Chromosome 3: One of the largest human chromosomes, comprising approximately 6.5% of the human genome. Chromosome 3 has between 1,100 and 1,500 genes of the estimated 30,000 to 40,000 genes in the human genome. Among the genes on chromosome 3 are the HGD gene for alkaptonuria, the BTD gene for biotinidase deficiency, the CPOX gene for hereditary coproporphyria, the MLH1 gene for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), the ZNF9 gene for type 2 myotonic dystrophy, the TMIE gene for an autosomal recessive form of nonsyndromic deafness, and the BCCB gene for propionic acidemia.
Humans normally have 46 chromosomes in each cell, divided into 23 pairs. Two copies of chromosome 3, one copy inherited from each parent, form one of the pairs.
Images of all 24 human chromosomes and different genes that have been mapped to them. Free wall poster available from Web site.
Human Chromosome Launchpad Human Chromosome 3 No endorsement is made or implied by inclusion here.
Chromosome 3, trisomy 3q information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes, patient stories, videos, forums, prevention, and prognosis.
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