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Definition of «Connectionism»

Connectionism: A theory of information processing within cognitive science (the study of the mind). Connectionism is based upon the known neurophysiology of the brain.

In connectionism, the basic building block of the brain is the neuron which functions as:

  • An input device receiving signals from the environment or from other neurons,
  • An integrative device integrating and manipulating the input,
  • A conductive device conducting the integrated information over distances,
  • An output device sending information to other neurons or cells,
  • A computational device mapping one type of information into another,

The basic tenets of connectionism are that signals are processed by elementary units, processing units are connected in parallel to other processing units, and connections between processing units are weighted. The weights may be "hardwired", learned, or both. The weights represent the strength of connection (either excitatory or inhibitory) between two units. These basic concepts have permitted the development of a spectrum of models in connectionist research.

For More Information «Connectionism»

  • Connectionism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

    Connectionism is a movement in cognitive science which hopes to explain human intellectual abilities using artificial neural networks (also known as ‘neural networks ...

  • Connectionism: Definition from Answers.com

    In cognitive science , an approach that proposes to model human information processing in terms of a network of interconnected units operating in parallel. The units ...

  • Connectionism (E. Thorndike) - Theory Into Practice (TIP)

    Connectionism (E. Thorndike) Overview: The learning theory of Thorndike represents the original S-R framework of behavioral psychology: Learning is the result of ...

  • Connectionism - Philosophy Talk

    Guest: Jay McClelland, Professor, Department of Psychology and Director, Center for Mind, Brain and Computation, Stanford University: What is it? Does the human mind work like ...

  • Connectionism - Psychology Wiki

    Connectionism is an approach in the fields of artificial intelligence, cognitive science, neuroscience, psychology and philosophy of mind. Connectionism models mental or ...

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