Cortex, adrenal: The outer portion of the adrenal gland located on top of each kidney. The adrenal cortex produces steroid hormones which regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism and mineralocorticoid hormones which regulate salt and water balance in the body.
Underfunction of the adrenal cortex results in Addison disease while overfunction occurs in the adrenogenital syndrome and in Cushing syndrome.
The Adrenal Cortex Using cholesterol as the starting material, the cells of the adrenal cortex secrete a variety of steroid hormones. These fall into three classes:
Situated along the perimeter of the adrenal gland, the adrenal cortex mediates the stress response through the production of mineralocorticoid
Adrenal cortex: The outer portion of the adrenal gland located on top of each kidney. The adrenal cortex produces steroid hormones which regulate carbohydrate and fat ...
Physiology I Section 6 Adrenal Cortex . Suggested reading: Chapter 77. Key Words: Zona glomerulosa: Outer most layer of adrenal cortex. Very thin layer of cells on surface.
Brief and Straightforward Guide: What is the Adrenal Cortex?