Endemic typhus: Murine typhus, an acute infectious disease with fever, headache, and rash, all quite similar to, but milder than, epidemic typhus, caused by a related microorganism, Rickettsia typhi (mooseri), transmitted to humans by rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis). The animal reservoir includes rats, mice and other rodents. Murine typhus occurs sporadically worldwide but is more prevalent in congested rat-infested urban areas. Also known as rat-flea typhus or urban typhus of Malaya.
What is endemic typhus fever? Endemic typhus fever is a disease caused by bacteria called Rickettsia typhi or bacteria called Rickettsia felis.
Endemic typhus is common in warm, coastal regions, with the largest numbers of cases in the United States found in southern Texas and southern California (Longe 2006).
Murine typhus; Epidemic typhus; Endemic typhus; Brill-Zinsser disease; Jail fever
Murine typhus; Epidemic typhus; Endemic typhus; Brill-Zinsser disease; Jail fever. References. Bechah Y, Capo C, Mege JL, Raoult D. Epidemic typhus.
Typhus is a bacterial disease spread by lice or fleas. ... Murine typhus; Epidemic typhus; Endemic typhus; Brill-Zinsser disease; Jail fever