Guillotine: A machine used during (and after) the French Revolution for beheading people condemned to death, by means of a heavy sharp blade that slid down within vertical guides. By extension, "guillotine" refers to any shearing machine or instrument (such as a paper cutter, a book trimmer, etc.) that is like a guillotine in its action.
The word "guillotine" is named for a French physician, Joseph Ignace Guillotin (1738-1814). Appalled by the cruel methods (such as torture) by which people were then executed, Dr. Guillotin argued before the French National Assembly in 1789 that painless and private beheading by machine should become the standard means for capital punishment in a civilized society such as in France. (The good doctor did not invent the machine; he merely advocated its use.)
The National Assembly endorsed Dr. Guillotin's proposal on March 20, 1792. But, much to the doctor's dismay, the guillotine came almost immediately into public use and great abuse. The use of the guillotine was only abolished in France on October 9, 1981. The humanely-oriented Dr. Guillotin's name had long since become inextricably associated with the inhumane use of his machine.
A surgical instrument used to cut off the tonsils was called the guillotine.
n. A device consisting of a heavy blade held aloft between upright guides and dropped to behead a person condemned to die. An instrument, such as a paper cutter ...
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T ake a jump back in time to see the History of the guillotine, or learn more about the Construction. You can also see more pictures of the guillotine in the Gallery.
The guillotine, a device for performing executions by decapitation, comprises a tall upright frame from which is suspended a heavy blade that is raised with a rope and ...
A history and discussion of the Guillotine ... Introduction The guillotine is one of European history's most bloody icons.