Infection, rotavirus: A leading cause of severe winter diarrhea in young children.
Each year, rotavirus (RV) causes an estimated 500,000 doctor visits and 50,000 hospital admissions in the United States. Almost every child catches RV before entering school but, with rehydration (and good nutrition), nearly all recover fully. However, in poor countries RV is estimated to be responsible for at least 600,000 deaths of children under 5 years from RV diarrhea and dehydration yearly.
Aside from causing acute infantile gastroenteritis and diarrhea in young children, RV infection is typically accompanied by low-grade fever.
A vaccine against RV has been found to provide a high level of protection against severe diarrhea caused RV. A report to this effect appeared in The New England Journal of Medicine (vol. 337, pp. 1181-7, 1997).
The RV vaccine was licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in August, 1998. However, in July of 1999 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) jointly recommended that rotavirus vaccination be postponed until November, 1999. This recommendation was made as a precaution because of some reports of intussception (telescoping of the intestine resulting in intestinal obstruction) in infants who had had rotavirus vaccination.
Rotavirus was discovered in 1973 and took its name from its wheel- like appearance (rota means wheel in Latin).
Learn rotavirus infection causes, symptoms (watery diarrhea, severe dehydration, fever, vomiting), diagnosis, treatment, vaccine information and how long it lasts in ...
Rotavirus website home page ... Rotavirus is a virus that causes gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines).
Rotavirus is a virus that mainly affects children. Each year, rotavirus infections cause nearly 600,000 deaths among children worldwide. According to MedicineNet, in ...
Rotavirus â€” Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment of this common childhood infection.
Rotavirus infection affects most kids and is one of the most common causes of diarrhea. A vaccine to prevent it is now recommended for all kids.