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Definition of «Nuclei, basal»

Nuclei, basalNuclei, basalNuclei, basalNuclei, basal

Nuclei, basal: A region located at the base of the brain composed of 4 clusters of neurons, or nerve cells. This area of the brain is responsible for body movement and coordination.

The groups of neurons most prominently and consistently affected in Huntington disease -- the pallidum and striatum -- are located in the basal nuclei.

(The pallidum is composed of structures called the globus pallidus and the ventral pallidum while the striatum consists of the caudate nucleus, putamen, and ventral striatum.)

The basal nuclei are also called the basal ganglia. The term "basal" refers to the location of these collections of neurons (nuclei or ganglia) deep within the brain, seemingly at its very base.

For More Information «Nuclei, basal»

  • Basal Nuclei

    Basal Nuclei (Basal Ganglia) INTRODUCTION . The term basal nuclei is applied to a collection of masses of gray matter situated within each cerebral hemisphere.

  • Basal nuclei definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of ...

    Basal nuclei: A region located at the base of the brain composed of 4 clusters of neurons, or nerve cells. This area of the brain is responsible for body movement and ...

  • Basal ganglia - Psychology Wiki

    The basal ganglia are a group of nuclei in the brain interconnected with the cerebral cortex, thalamus and brainstem. Mammalian basal ganglia are associated with a ...

  • THE BASAL NUCLEI - HUMAN NEUROPHYSIOLOGY

    THE BASAL NUCLEI. The white matter of the cerebrum is composed for the most part of the myelinated axons of neurons with cell bodies located in gray areas of ...

  • Basal nuclei - definition of Basal nuclei in the Medical ...

    nucleus /nu·cle·us/ (noo´kle-us) pl. nu´clei [L.] 1. the central core of a body or object. 2. cell nucleus; a spheroid body within a cell, consisting of a thin ...

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