ip-ra-TROE-pee-um BROE-mide, al-BUE-ter-ol SUL-fate
Commonly used brand name(s):
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Bronchodilator
Pharmacologic Class: Ipratropium
Ipratropium and albuterol combination is used to help control the symptoms of lung diseases, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. It is also used to treat air flow blockage and prevent the worsening of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in patients who need another medicine.
Ipratropium and albuterol belong to the family of medicines known as bronchodilators. Bronchodilators are medicines that are breathed in through the mouth to open up the bronchial tubes (air passages) in the lungs.
ipratropium and albuterol is available only with your doctor's prescription.
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For ipratropium and albuterol, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to ipratropium and albuterol or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of ipratropium and albuterol combination in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
No information is available on the relationship of age to the effects of ipratropium and albuterol combination in geriatric patients.
Using ipratropium and albuterol with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Using ipratropium and albuterol with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of ipratropium and albuterol. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
ipratropium and albuterol usually comes with patient directions. Read them carefully before using the medicine. If you do not understand the directions or you are not sure how to use the inhaler or nebulizer, ask your doctor to show you how to use it.
Use ipratropium and albuterol only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it and do not use it more often than your doctor ordered. Also, do not stop taking ipratropium and albuterol without telling your doctor. To do so may cause your lung condition to become worse.
When you use the inhaler for the first time, or if you have not used it for more than 24 hours, the inhaler may not give the right amount of medicine with the first puff. Before using the inhaler, prime it by spraying the medicine into the air, and pointed away from people, 3 times. The inhaler will now be ready to give the right amount of medicine when you use it.
When you use the inhalation solution, make sure you use a jet nebulizer that is connected to an air compressor with a good air flow. Use a face mask or mouthpiece to inhale the medicine.
Keep the spray away from your eyes. ipratropium and albuterol may cause eye pain or discomfort, irritation, or blurred vision. If it does come into contact with your eyes, check with your doctor right away.
To use the inhaler:
The dose of ipratropium and albuterol will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of ipratropium and albuterol. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
If you miss a dose of ipratropium and albuterol, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the canister at room temperature, away from heat and direct light. Do not freeze. Do not keep ipratropium and albuterol inside a car where it could be exposed to extreme heat or cold. Do not poke holes in the canister or throw it into a fire, even if the canister is empty.
Keep the medicine in the foil pouch until you are ready to use it. Store at room temperature, away from heat and direct light. Do not freeze.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
It is very important that your doctor check your progress closely while you are using ipratropium and albuterol to see if it is working properly and to help reduce any unwanted effects.
Check with your doctor at once if difficulty with breathing continues after using a dose of ipratropium and albuterol or if your condition gets worse.
ipratropium and albuterol may cause a serious type of allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Call your doctor right away if you have a rash; itching; hives; hoarseness; trouble with breathing; trouble with swallowing; or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth while you are using ipratropium and albuterol.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:More common
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:Less common or rare
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
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