Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «C»:
Cerebral amyloidosis and spongiform encephalopathy
Cerebral amyloidosis & spongiform encephalopathy: See: Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome....
Cerebral aneurysm: A localized
widening of a vessel within the brain. See:
Cerebral arterial gas embolism (CAGE)
Cerebral arterial gas embolism (CAGE): Gas bubbles traveling and lodging (embolizing) in the arteries that supply the brain with blood (and oxygen).
Gas emboli in the brain can lead to a stroke-like condition with disorientation, difficulty walking and talking, coma, and death.
For example, even a ...
Cerebral calcification, nonarteriosclerotic
Cerebral calcification, nonarteriosclerotic: This syndrome
described in 1930 by T. Fahr is a genetic (inherited) neurological
disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in certain of
areas of the brain (including the basal ganglia and the cerebral
Symptoms may include motor...
Cerebral cortex: A thin mantle of gray matter about the size of a formal dinner napkin covering the surface of each cerebral hemisphere. The cerebral cortex is crumpled and folded, forming numerous convolutions (gyri) and crevices (sulci). It is made up of six layers of nerve cells and the nerve pat...
Cerebral edema: Accumulation of excessive fluid in the substance of the brain. The brain is especially susceptible to injury from edema, because it is located within a confined space and cannot expand.
Also known as brain edema, brain swelling, swelling of the brain, and wet brain....
Cerebral fornix: An arching fibrous band in the brain connecting the two lobes of the cerebrum. (The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain and consists of two hemispheres separated by a deep longitudinal fissure). Each fornix -- there are two -- in the brain is an arched tract of nerves.
Cerebral hemispheres: The two halves of the cerebrum, the largest
part of the brain. ...
Cerebral herniation: The abnormal protrusion of brain tissue through an opening when there is increased intracranial pressure (when the brain is under increased pressure). The increased pressure may be due to a number of causes including inflammation of the brain (as in meningitis), a tumor, hemorrh...
Cerebral palsy: An abnormality of motor function (the ability to move and control movements) that is acquired at an early age, usually less than a year of age, and is due to a brain lesion that is non-progressive. Cerebral palsy (CP) is frequently the result of abnormalities that occur in utero, whi...
Cerebral vascular: See: Cerebrovascular....
Cerebral vascular disease
Cerebral vascular disease: See: Cerebrovascular disease....
Cerebral ventricle: One of a system of four communicating cavities within the brain that are continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord.
The four ventricles consist of the two lateral ventricles, the third ventricle and the fourth ventricle:
Lateral ventricles: The lateral ventricles are...
Cerebritis: Inflammation of the brain....
Cerebrohepatorenal syndrome: A genetic disorder, which is also called the Zellweger syndrome, characterized by the reduction or absence of peroxisomes (cell structures that rid the body of toxic substances) in the cells of the liver, kidneys, and brain. Zellweger syndrome is one of a group of disord...