Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «D»:
Disease, Fahr: This syndrome described in 1930 by T. Fahr is a genetic (inherited) neurological disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of calcium in certain of areas of the brain (including the basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex).
Symptoms may include motor function deterioration, dementia,...
Disease, fifth: See Fifth disease....
Disease, Fong: See Nail-patella syndrome....
Disease, foot-and-mouth: See: Foot-and-mouth disease....
Disease, Forestier: A form of degenerative arthritis characteristically associated with flowing calcification along the
sides of the vertebrae of the spine and commonly with inflammation (tendinitis) and calcification of the tendons at their attachments points to bone.
Because areas of the spine an...
Disease, Gaucher type 1
Disease, Gaucher type 1: See Gaucher disease, type 1....
Disease, Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker: See: Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome....
Disease, Gilbert: See Gilbert syndrome....
Disease, graft-versus-host: A reaction of donated bone marrow against a patient's own tissue. Also called GVHD....
Disease, Graves': Generalized diffuse overactivity ("toxicity") of the entire thyroid gland which becomes enlarged into a goiter. Graves disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism.
There are three components to Graves' disease:
Hyperthyroidism (the presence of too much thyroid hormone),
Disease, guinea worm
Disease, guinea worm: See: Guinea worm disease....
Disease, gum: Inflammation of the soft tissue (gingiva)
and abnormal loss of bone that surrounds the teeth and holds them in place. Gum disease is
caused by toxins secreted by bacteria in "plaque" that accumulate over time
along the gum line. This plaque is a mixture of food, saliva, and b...
Disease, hand-foot-and-mouth: A viral syndrome
with a rash on the hands
feet and in the mouth. The internal rash (the enanthem)
and little ulcers that may involve not only the lining of
the mouth but
the gums, palate, and tongue. The external rash on the body
Disease, Hansen: See: Hansen disease....
Disease, Heberden: There are two different Heberden diseases:
Angina pectoris, chest pain
that is often severe and crushing, due to an inadequate
supply of oxygen to the heart muscle.
Osteoarthritis of the small joints with nodules
(Heberden nodes) in and about the last joint of the