Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «F»:
Fracture, torsion: A fracture, also called a spiral fracture, in which a bone has been twisted apart.
A fracture is any break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or abnormal formation of bone in a congenital ...
Fracture, torus: A fracture
in which one side of the bone bends, but does not actually break. Torus
fractures normally heal on their own within a month with rest and disuse, although they can cause soreness and
Fracture, transverse: A fracture in which the break is across the bone, at a right angle to the long axis of the bone.
A fracture is a break in the bone or cartilage. It usually is a result of trauma but can be due to an acquired disease of bone such as osteoporosis or abnormal formation of bone in...
Fractured hip: Broken bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due to a fall or other kind of trauma involving direct impact to the hip bone which has been weakened by
osteoporosis. The part of the hip most often broken is the greater
trochanter of the
In older peop...
Fragile site: A term devised in 1969 by Frederick Hecht to denote
a heritable point on a chromosome where gaps and breaks tend to occur. ...
Fragile X chromosome
Fragile X chromosome: An X chromosome with a heritable fragile
site associated with a frequent form of mental retardation -- the fragile X syndrome.
The fragile X chromosome was first sighted by Dr. Herbert A. Lubs in 1969 who termed it the "marker X.". The fragile X is also called FRAXA. It was t...
Fragile X syndrome
Fragile X syndrome: One of the most common causes of inherited mental retardation and neuropsychiatric disease in human beings, affects as many as one in 2000 males and one in 4000 females. The syndrome is also known as FRAXA (the fragile X chromosome itself) and as the Martin-Bell syndrome. However...
Fragile X tremor/ataxia syndrome
Fragile X tremor/ataxia syndrome: Abbreviated FXTAS (pronounced fax-tass). A progressive neurological disorder that strikes men over age 50 and causes tremor, ataxia (balance problems) and dementia that become increasingly severe with age. These men may be misdiagnosed with Parkinson's or Alzheimer'...
Frailty syndrome: A condition, seen particularly in older patients, characterized by low functional reserve, easy tiring, decrease of libido, mood disturbance, accelerated osteoporosis, decreased muscle strength, and high susceptibility to disease. People with the frailty syndrome may take a sudden ...
Frambesia: Also known as yaws, frambesia is a common chronic infectious disease that occurs mainly in the warm humid regions of the tropics with characteristic bumps on the skin of the face, hands, feet and genital
area. Almost all cases of yaws are in children under 15 years of age.
Frame, open reading
Frame, open reading: See: Open reading frame....
Frame, reading: See: Reading frame....
Framingham Study: A landmark study begun in 1948 in which some 12,000 residents of the town of Framingham, Massachusetts were enrolled in a study designed to gather medical data and, more recently, DNA samples. The participants in the Framingham study came in for regular medical exams and provided t...
Francis Crick: See: Crick, Francis....
Frankenfood: Perjorative term for genetically modified food whether it be derived from genetically engineered plants or animals. This derogatory term was coined from Franken(stein) + food on June 16, 1992 by Paul Lewis, Professor of English at Boston College, who wrote to The New York Times as foll...