Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «T»:
Thanatophobia: An abnormal and
excessive fear of death....
Thanatophoric dysplasia: A form of short-limbed (micromelic) dwarfism that usually causes death within the first few hours after birth. Thanatophoric dysplasia is due to a lethal mutation (change) in the same gene that produces achondroplasia, a familiar and far more common form of short-limbed dwar...
The Lancet: A weekly medical journal headquartered in London. Published uninterruptedly and with the same title since 1823, The Lancet is "the longest running medical journal in the world."
Thomas Wakley founded The Lancet and served as its first editor. He originally intended it to serve as a foru...
The South Beach Diet
The South Beach Diet: The South Beach Diet is a weight loss plan described by cardiologist Arthur Agatston, MD in a best-selling book, The South Beach Diet: The Delicious, Doctor-Designed, Foolproof Plan for Fast and Healthy Weight Loss. The South Beach Diet is based upon the restriction of carbohyd...
Thelarche: The beginnings of breast development at puberty.
Thelarche is now a normal event at an earlier age (e.g., age 8) than in the past.
The term thelarche comes from two Greek words: "thele," nipple + "arche," beginning. Thelarche is frequently (and incorrectly) written without the "h" as tela...
Theorem, Bayes: See: Bayes theorem....
Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, that part of medicine concerned specifically with the treatment of disease. The therapeutic dose of a drug is the amount needed to treat a disease.
Something that is therapeutic is good for the individual. It is often healthy. For example, a diet high in fiber ...
Therapeutic abortion: An abortion that is brought about intentionally. Also called an artificial or induced abortion. As opposed to a spontaneous abortion (a miscarriage)....
Therapeutic cloning: A procedure in which cells, typically skin cells, are taken from a patient and inserted into a fertilized egg whose nucleus has been removed. The cell that is so created is permitted to divide repeatedly to form a blastocyst. Scientists then extract stem cells from it, and use t...
Therapeutic touch: A practice derived from an ancient technique called laying on of hands. It is based on the premise that it is the healing force of the therapist that affects the patient's recovery; healing is promoted when the body's energies are in balance; and, by passing their hands over the p...
Therapeutics: In medicine, the branch that deals specifically with the treatment of disease and the art and science of healing.
In pharmacology, therapeutics accordingly refers to the use of drugs and the method of their administration in the treatment of disease.
The word comes from the Greek "t...
Therapy: The treatment of disease.
Therapy is synonymous with treatment, as for example:
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is treatment that suppresses a retrovirus such as HIV.
Brachytherapy is treatment given by placing radioactive material directly in or near the target, often a tumor.
Therapy, adjuvant: Treatment that is given in
addition to the primary (initial) treatment.
Adjuvant treatment is an addition to the primary treatment and is
designed to help reach
the ultimate goal. Adjuvant therapy for cancer usually refers to
surgery followed by chemo- or radiotherapy to he...
Therapy, antiretroviral (ART)
Therapy, antiretroviral (ART): Treatment that suppresses or stops a retrovirus. One of the retrovirus is the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS.
Retroviruses are so named because they carry their genetic information in the form of RNA rather than DNA so that the information must be ...
Therapy, behavior: A treatment program that involves substituting desirable behavior responses for undesirable ones....