Medical Dictionary Definitions A-Z List
Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z - «W»:
Witkop syndrome: A genetic disorder characterized by the absence of several teeth at birth and abnormalities of the nails. The disorder is also known as hypodontia and nail dysgenesis or, more picturesquely, as the tooth and nail syndrome (TNS).
The tooth and nail defects in the syndrome are highl...
WM: Abbreviation for "white male" used by doctors as shorthand when jotting down the results of their physical examination.
For example, WDWNWM = well developed, well nourished white
male; WDWNBM = well developed, well nourished black
male; WDWNWF = well developed, well nourished white female; WDW...
WNL: Within normal limits. A laboratory test result may for instance
be WNL. ...
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome: Abbreviated WHS. A chromosome disorder due to partial deletion of the short (p) arm of chromosome 4. It is therefore also called the 4p- syndrome.
Features of the syndrome include midline defects with a scalp defect, widespaced eyes, broad or beaked nose, oral facial cleft...
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome: A condition caused by an abnormality in the electrical system of the heart which normally tells the heart muscle when to contract. In Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, there is an extra electrical connection inside the heart that acts as a short circuit, causing t...
Wolfram syndrome: A genetic neurodegenerative disease that
leads to many different abnormalities including diabetes insipidus
(inability to concentrate the urine), diabetes mellitus (the usual
type of diabetes), blindness (due to optic atrophy, degeneration of
the nerve to the eye), and deafness...
Wolframin: A protein encoded by a gene known as WFS1. Mutations in WFS1 are associated with Wolfram syndrome and also with nonsyndromic deafness. For more information, see: WFS1....
Wolhynia fever: Also known as trench fever, a
disease borne by body lice that
was first recognized in the trenches of World War I, when it is
estimated to have affected more than a million people in Russia and
on the fronts in Europe. Trench fever was again a major problem in
the military in...
Womb: The womb (uterus) is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen between the bladder and the rectum. The narrow, lower portion of the uterus is the cervix; the broader, upper part is the corpus. The corpus is made up of two layers of tissue.
In women of childbearing age, t...
Womb cancer: See: Uterine cancer....
Women's Health Initiative
Women's Health Initiative: A
long-term national health study that focuses on strategies for preventing heart
disease, breast and colorectal cancer and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. This 15-year project sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) involves over 161,000 women aged 50...
Women's hospital: A hospital for the
exclusive use of women.
The first hospital called by that name was the Woman's Hospital of New York City. It opened in 1855. The hospital was founded by the Woman's Hospital Association, a group of 30 women who held that there women needed a hospital to care ex...
Womyn: Woman. A late 20th century feminist creation to avoid the suffix man....
Word blindness: A neurological disorder characterized by loss of the ability to read or understand the written word. Word blindness is a complex visual disturbance resulting from disease in the visual-association areas at the back of the brain. Someone who has had a stroke may be left with pure (tot...
Word deafness: See: Auditory aphasia....